Adopting a young child: early permanence
Early permanence placements allow babies and young children under the age of two who may need adopting to be placed with a potential permanent family earlier than a conventional adoption.
What is early permanence?
Early permanence is an umbrella term we use when talking about certain types of adoption placements for babies or toddlers. It includes adopting a child through Fostering for Adoption (FfA) and Concurrent Planning placements.
Both schemes enable a child in care under the age of two to find foster carers who are ready and willing to adopt them later, if the courts decide they cannot be cared for permanently by their birth family.
What are the benefits of early permanence?
Early Permanence helps to avoid delay in deciding a baby or very young child's future, at a time in their life when days and weeks really matter.
Babies who are in the care system from a very young age are often moved around a number of foster carers, while the courts reach a decision about who will care for them in the long term. Research has shown that this level of disruption has a negative impact on a child’s mental health and development.
Early permanence removes this disruption by placing a child early on with foster carers who would go on to adopt them, if the court decides that’s in the child’s best interests.
This means that, if the court agrees an adoption plan, the child has a seamless transition from foster care to adoption, without having to move from a foster home where they have settled to a new adoptive family.
A chance to bond earlier
With early permanence, a child can start bonding much earlier with the people who may eventually adopt him or her – in many cases a baby is placed with their early permanence carers directly from the hospital where he or she was born.
Better understanding of a child's background
Foster carers who go on to adopt a child will have had a chance to get to know the baby’s birth parents during the court process. They will get to know more about the baby’s background and the circumstances that led to him or her being placed in care.
Is early permanence right for me?
The babies involved are some of the most vulnerable in the care system. To be an early permanence carer, you need to be able to prioritise a baby's needs and give them the precious gift of stability at a time of great uncertainty in their lives.
We only work with babies where, based on the available evidence and the birth family’s past history, there is a probability that they will need adoption. But it is the courts that make the final decision and there will be occasions when a baby will be returned to the birth family.
We will work with you to prepare you for this outcome in a range of ways:
- specialist preparation, with tailored workshops
- intensive, high-quality support throughout the process of fostering and adoption, and beyond
- help to access fostering allowances
- supervised visits with birth families at a neutral location
Could I be an early permanence carer?
Find out what it's like from people who have adopted a baby or very young child through early permanence, with our Concurrent Planning adoption stories.
If you’re unsure whether early permanence is for you - or have further questions, our social workers will be happy to help so please get in touch. Meeting other carers is also part of the preparation for those who are seriously considering the scheme and making an application. So, let us know if this is something you would like to explore and we can help you decide if it's right for you.
Coram's trusted service
Coram has worked with early permanence carers for over 20 years.
In that time, we've helped more than 100 babies find stability through Concurrent Planning, with a remarkable success rate.
- Coram’s Concurrent Planning service received Outstanding in its most recent Ofsted fostering service inspection.
- the average time for adoption from entry into care was 15 months compared with the UK average of 27 months (DfE 2012)
National leaders in Early Permanence
Coram also runs the national Centre for Early Permanence, which champions and promotes permanence practice to secure the earliest possible lifelong placement for children.
The centre operates as a national practice learning set for all adoption agencies, including local authorities, and offers conferences,training and tools such as materials for training prospective carers. Find out more on the dedicated Centre for Early Permanence website.